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tarantulaandrose

The evolution of Spiders: Chelicerata

The subphylum (or phylum[1]Chelicerata (pronounced /kəˌlɪsəˈreɪtə/ or /kəˌlɪsəˈrɑːtə/) (New Latin, from French chélicère, from chél-; chela + -cère from the Greek keras, meaning “horn”) constitutes one of the major subdivisions of the phylum (or superphylum[1]Arthropoda, and includes horseshoe crabsscorpionsspiders and mites. They originated as marine animals, possibly in the Cambrian period, but the first confirmed chelicerate fossilseurypterids, date from 445 million years ago in the Late Ordovician period. The surviving marine species include the four species of Xiphosurans (horseshoe crabs), and possibly the 1,300 species of Pycnogonida (sea spiders), if the latter are chelicerates. On the other hand, there are over 77,000 well-identified species of air-breathing chelicerates, and there may be about 500,000 unidentified species.

*image provided by this site

Golden silk orb spiders are known for their large size and fantastic webs. Nephila komaci, the newest member of the group, is the biggest yet. The body of the most complete female specimen is four centimetres long, with a 10 to 12 centimetre leg span

Golden silk orb spiders are known for their large size and fantastic webs. Nephila komaci, the newest member of the group, is the biggest yetThe body of the most complete female specimen is four centimetres long, with a 10 to 12 centimetre leg span

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The evolution of Spiders: Phalangiotarbi

Phalangiotarbi (Haase, 1890) is an extinct arachnid order first recorded from the Early Devonian of Germany and most widespread in the Upper Carboniferous Coal measures of Europe and North America. The last species are known fron the early Permian Rotliegendof Germany.

The affinities of phalangiotarbids are obscure, with most authors favouring affinities with Opiliones (harvestmen) and/or Acari (mites and ticks). Phalangiotarbida has been recently proposed to be sister group to (Palpigradi+Tetrapulmonata): the taxon Megoperculata sensu Shultz (1990).[1]

** the above image is a model 

"Arachnida" from Ernst Haeckel's Kunstformen der Natur, 1904

"Arachnida" from Ernst Haeckel's Kunstformen der Natur, 1904

Juvenile Avicularia diversipes

Juvenile Avicularia diversipes

notice the heart shaped pattern on it’s abdomen 

notice the heart shaped pattern on it’s abdomen 

The field of vision of the common jumping spider

The field of vision of the common jumping spider